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Updated: Feb 6

1) Safety First: Understand the horse’s strength, speed and power.

2) About Horses: Know horses need their 3 F’s (Forage, Friends, Freedom). Understand the flight response and what it looks like (and what to do about it)

3) Moods and States: They think differently to us and we shouldn’t under or overestimate their abilities

4) Emotion: Keep their arousal levels low, be consistent and avoid anything that causes pain or fear

5) Desensitisation: habituate the horse to things gradually

6) Operant conditioning: use negative and positive reinforcement correctly. No punishment!

7) Classical conditioning: use alongside operant conditioning, but know its limitations

8) Shaping: train behaviours gradually, step-by-step.

9) Signals: One signal must be given at one time. Each signal should be something different to another

10) Self-carriage: ensure the horse can maintain behaviour without being held or nagged

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